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Monday , 15 July 2024

How to Protect Your Jewellery from Damage

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Jewellery often holds not just financial value, but emotional significance as well. Whether it’s a family heirloom, a gift from a loved one, or a special treat for yourself, protecting your jewellery from damage is crucial.

Maybe you’re wondering how to care for your sapphire jewellery or what kind of routine cleaning you should be doing on your gold bracelet.

With proper care and maintenance, your precious pieces can remain as dazzling as the day you acquired them. Here are some essential tips on how to protect your jewellery from damage.

1. Proper Storage

The way you store your jewellery plays a significant role in maintaining its condition. Here are some storage tips:

  • Individual Compartments: Store each piece separately to prevent scratches and tangling. Use a jewellery box with padded compartments or individual soft pouches.
  • Avoid Humidity: Store your jewellery in a cool, dry place. Excessive humidity can tarnish metals and degrade certain gemstones.
  • Use Anti-Tarnish Strips: Place anti-tarnish strips in your jewellery box to absorb moisture and prevent tarnish on silver and other metals.

2. Regular Cleaning

Keeping your jewellery clean ensures it retains its brilliance and prevents damage.

  • Gentle Cleaning Solutions: Use mild soap and water for regular cleaning. For a deeper clean, consider using a solution specifically designed for jewellery.
  • Soft Brushes: Use a soft toothbrush to gently clean intricate designs and hard-to-reach areas.
  • Avoid Harsh Chemicals: Steer clear of bleach, ammonia, and other harsh chemicals that can damage metals and stones.

3. Mindful Wearing

Being mindful of when and how you wear your jewellery can prevent a lot of unnecessary damage.

  • Remove During Physical Activities: Take off your jewellery before engaging in sports, gardening, or any heavy-duty tasks to avoid scratches and impacts.
  • Apply Cosmetics First: Put on lotions, perfumes, and hairsprays before wearing your jewellery to avoid chemical interactions that can tarnish metals and dull gemstones.
  • Avoid Water Exposure: Remove jewellery before swimming or bathing. Chlorine and saltwater can corrode metals and damage certain stones.

4. Routine Inspections

Regularly inspecting your jewellery helps catch any issues before they become major problems.

  • Check for Loose Stones: Ensure stones are securely set and prongs are intact. Loose stones can be tightened by a professional jeweller.
  • Look for Wear and Tear: Regularly check clasps, chains, and settings for signs of wear and tear. Address any issues promptly to prevent loss or damage.

5. Professional Maintenance

Some maintenance tasks are best left to professionals.

  • Annual Cleaning and Polishing: Have your jewellery professionally cleaned and polished at least once a year. Professionals can remove deeper grime and restore the shine.
  • Reapplying Rhodium Plating: White gold jewellery often has a rhodium plating that can wear off over time. Reapplying this plating every couple of years can keep your pieces looking their best.
  • Restringing Pearls: Pearls should be restrung every few years to prevent breakage and loss.

6. Insurance and Documentation

For valuable pieces, consider additional protections.

  • Get Insurance: Insure valuable jewellery to protect against theft, loss, or damage. Ensure your policy covers the full value of your pieces.
  • Keep Documentation: Maintain records of purchase receipts, appraisals, and photographs. This documentation is crucial for insurance claims and future appraisals.
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7. Understanding Specific Needs

Different types of jewellery require different care:

Gold Jewellery

Gold is a durable and popular metal for jewellery, but it still requires proper care to maintain its lustre.

  • Cleaning: Clean gold jewellery regularly with a solution of mild soap and warm water. Use a soft cloth or a soft-bristled toothbrush to remove dirt and oils.
  • Avoiding Scratches: Gold is softer than many other metals. Avoid wearing gold jewellery when doing heavy work or activities that could cause scratches.
  • Storage: Store gold pieces separately to prevent them from scratching each other. Use individual pouches or compartments in your jewellery box.

Silver Jewellery

Silver jewellery is prone to tarnishing but can be kept shiny with proper care.

  • Cleaning: Use a silver polishing cloth to remove tarnish. For deeper cleaning, use a silver cleaning solution or a paste made of baking soda and water.
  • Avoiding Tarnish: Store silver jewellery in an airtight container or a zip-lock bag with anti-tarnish strips to reduce exposure to air and humidity.
  • Wearing Tips: Wear silver jewellery often. The oils in your skin can help prevent tarnish by providing a natural layer of protection.

Diamond Jewellery

Diamonds are the hardest natural substance on Earth, but they can still collect dirt and grime.

  • Cleaning: Soak diamonds in a mixture of ammonia and water, then gently scrub with a soft toothbrush. Rinse thoroughly and dry with a lint-free cloth.
  • Avoiding Damage: Despite their hardness, diamonds can be chipped by sharp blows. Avoid wearing diamond jewellery during rigorous activities.
  • Storage: Store diamond jewellery in individual compartments or pouches to prevent scratching other jewellery.

Gemstone Jewellery

Different gemstones require different levels of care. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Hard Gemstones (e.g., sapphires, rubies): Clean with mild soap and water. These stones are durable but can still be scratched by harder materials.
  • Soft Gemstones (e.g., opals, pearls, turquoise): Avoid ultrasonic cleaners and harsh chemicals. Clean with a soft, damp cloth and store in soft fabric to prevent scratches.
  • Avoiding Sunlight: Some gemstones (e.g., amethyst, topaz) can fade with prolonged exposure to sunlight. Store these pieces away from direct light.

Pearl Jewellery

Pearls are delicate and require gentle care to maintain their natural beauty.

  • Cleaning: Wipe pearls with a soft, damp cloth after each wear to remove body oils and dirt. Avoid soaking pearls in water or using ultrasonic cleaners.
  • Avoiding Chemicals: Keep pearls away from perfumes, hairsprays, and cosmetics, which can damage their surface. Apply such products before putting on your pearls.
  • Storage: Store pearls flat in a soft cloth pouch or a lined jewellery box. Avoid hanging pearl necklaces to prevent stretching the silk thread.

Platinum Jewellery

Platinum is a durable and rare metal, but it still benefits from regular care.

  • Cleaning: Clean platinum jewellery with a mild soap and water solution, and polish with a soft cloth.
  • Avoiding Scratches: Although more durable than gold, platinum can still be scratched. Store platinum pieces separately to avoid contact with other jewellery.
  • Professional Maintenance: Have platinum jewellery polished by a professional jeweller periodically to maintain its shine.


Proper care and maintenance of your jewellery can significantly extend its life and preserve its beauty. By following these guidelines, you can protect your treasured pieces from damage and enjoy them for years to come. Remember, when in doubt, consulting a professional jeweller is always a wise choice to ensure your jewellery remains in pristine condition.

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